/Myth 3. Maidan took place only in Kyiv
It is true that Maidan square is physically located in the centre of Kyiv. In geographical terms, Kiev’s Maidan was dominated by people from other regions (88%), while only 12% of protesters were Kiev citizens (Ilko Kucheriv Democratic Initiatives Foundation, 2014a). Moreover, Maidan was geographically diverse: while the majority of 55% of visitors – were from Western Ukraine, 24% were residents of Central Ukraine, 21% from the East and South. Thus, by the end of 28th of January, 23 out of 24 oblasts (regions) of Ukraine held mass protests (see the map below). But what is more important, “Maidan” was a social and mental sphere. Values of Maidan disperced all over Ukraine.
“Maidan” was also a virtual public sphere. Facebook communities, free on-line consulting services, and online fundraising campaigns were created by people from all over Ukraine and around the Globe. There are specific groups of Maidan activists in all regions of Ukraine. Actually, wherever the protest occured, in Odessa, Lviv, Kharkiv or Kyiv, all the protesters were called “Maidaners”. Thus, Maidan and Ukrainian Revolution were not entirely Kyivan, but were supported all over Ukraine.
Myth 4. Annexation of Crimea was legal and according the international law
First of all, referendum was organized by self-announced and self-appointed “head of Crimea” Sergey Aksenov (with criminal alias “Goblin”), an individual with abundant criminal past. The referendum was held on 16th of March only on Crimean peninsula, which unequivocally contradicted the Constitution of Ukraine, as questions on border changes can only be decided in a national referendum. Secondly, referendum was organized in three weeks and was not supported by Ukrainian government. Third, indigenous dwellers of Crimea, the Crimean tatars, boycotted the referendum. Moreover, referendum was held at the barrel of the gun of hundreds of so-called “green men”, in fact Russian militants that later received medals of honour for “returning of Crimea back from Putin. Additionally, the Crimean referendum was rigged. According to official information, 123% of Sevastopol citizens voted for joining Russia. In fact, Crimean Annexation was never recognised by the international community, and even was announced illegal by UN General Assemly which supported the territorial integrity of Ukraine. Given all the abovementioned, claims on legality of the Crimea Annexation have nothing to do with reality and international law.
Myth 5. MH17 was attacked by the Ukrainian military
In addition to official resolution of the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine, which clearly proves the responsibility of Kremlin-backed terrorists and militants, there are multiple evidences of Russian militants involvement in the tragedy. First of all, Russian journalists started reporting from the crash scene a couple of minutes after the tragedy had happened, and as it was in the field far outside the urban areas, this probably means that they knew about the location of a crash beforehand. Secondly, military weapons that were used to hit the MH17 require additional professional training. In fact, Ukrainian army has neither these weapons nor professionals to use them. Third, Ukrainian military plane was shot down with nearly 50 casualties in the same region few weeks before the MH17 tragedy. Moreover, Strelkov, one of the leaders of separatists, posted on Facebook a note boasting about another Ukrainian plane shot by separatist immediately after the crash of MH17. Few minutes later, as it became clear that is was not a Ukrainian plane, he deleted the post.
Other countries’ intelligence services supported this point of view too. In fact, the U.S. officials said that:
- A U.S. spy satellite tracked the launch of a surface-to-air missile from rebel-held territory shortly before the crash.
- U.S. voice analysis confirms the authenticity of a damning cell phone conversation between two prominent separatist leaders discussing the crash that was intercepted and made public by Ukrainian officials.
“American intelligence shows surface-to-air missile launched from rebel-held territory and confirms authenticity of damning conversation between separatist leaders discussing the crash.”
German intelligence also blames pro-Russian separatists as responsible for the tragedy.
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